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What Are Wooden Pallets Made From?

What are wooden pallets made from?

Wooden pallets are an integral part of the logistics and supply chain industry, used for the storage and transportation of goods worldwide. Understanding what wooden pallets are made from helps in selecting the right type of pallet for various applications. 

This article will explore in detail what wooden pallets are made of, including the types of wood used, their benefits, and their suitability for different uses.

What are wooden pallets made of?

Wooden pallets are primarily made from two types of timber: hardwood and softwood. The choice of wood depends on factors such as availability, cost, and the intended use of the pallet.

Hardwood pallets

Hardwood pallets are made from trees such as oak, maple, and hickory. These types of wood are known for their strength and durability. Hardwood pallets are often used in applications where the load is heavy or where the pallet will be reused multiple times.

Softwood pallets

Softwood pallets are made from trees such as pine, spruce, and fir. These woods are lighter and less dense than hardwoods, making them easier to handle and less expensive. Softwood pallets are commonly used for one-time shipping or lighter loads.

What is pallet wood made of?

Internationally, the wood used in pallet construction is typically selected for its availability and cost-effectiveness. Here’s a closer look at the specific types of wood used in pallet manufacturing:


Pine is one of the most common woods used for pallets, especially in Australia. It is a softwood, which makes it lightweight and easy to work with. Pine pallets are ideal for shipping goods that do not require heavy-duty support.


Oak is a hardwood known for its strength and durability. Oak pallets are more expensive but are suitable for heavy loads and repeated use. They are often used in industries where pallet reuse is essential.


Spruce is another softwood commonly used for pallets. It is similar to pine in terms of weight and cost. Spruce pallets are used for shipping lighter goods and are a cost-effective option for one-time use.


Fir is a softwood that is slightly denser than pine or spruce. It offers a good balance between weight and strength, making it a versatile choice for various pallet applications.


Maple is a hardwood that is harder and more durable than many other woods. Maple pallets are used for heavy loads and in situations where the pallet needs to withstand significant wear and tear.

What wood are pallets made from in Australia?

In Australia, the choice of wood for pallet manufacturing often depends on the local availability of timber. Pine is the most commonly used wood for pallets in Australia due to its abundance and cost-effectiveness. However, hardwoods such as oak and eucalyptus are also used, particularly for pallets that require greater strength and durability.

Pine forest in South Australia

Benefits of different types of pallet wood

Pine pallets

  • Lightweight: Easier to handle and transport.

  • Cost-effective: Less expensive than hardwoods.

  • Availability: Readily available in Australia.

  • Versatility: Suitable for a wide range of applications.

Oak pallets

  • Durability: Highly durable and long-lasting.

  • Strength: Can handle heavy loads.

  • Reusable: Ideal for repeated use and long-term applications.

Spruce pallets

  • Lightweight: Similar to pine in weight.

  • Affordable: Cost-effective for single-use applications.

  • Versatile: Suitable for various shipping needs.

Fir pallets

  • Balanced properties: Good balance of weight and strength.

  • Versatile: Suitable for a variety of uses.

Maple pallets

  • Hard and durable: Excellent for heavy-duty applications.

  • Long-lasting: Can withstand significant wear and tear.

Factors influencing the choice of pallet wood

Several factors influence the choice of wood for pallets, including:

Load capacity

The type of wood chosen depends on the weight of the goods being shipped. Hardwoods like oak and maple are used for heavier loads, while softwoods like pine and spruce are suitable for lighter loads.


Softwoods are generally less expensive than hardwoods. The cost of the wood impacts the overall cost of the pallet, making softwoods a popular choice for cost-sensitive applications.


The availability of certain types of wood can vary by region. In Australia, pine is readily available and therefore commonly used for pallet manufacturing.


The intended use of the pallet influences the choice of wood. Pallets that need to be reused multiple times or handle heavy loads require more durable hardwoods.

Environmental considerations

Sustainability is a growing concern in the pallet industry. Using wood from sustainably managed forests is important for reducing environmental impact. Some manufacturers prefer using softwoods that are quickly renewable.

Sustainability and pallet wood

Sustainability is a key consideration in the manufacturing of wooden pallets. Many pallet manufacturers source wood from sustainably managed forests to minimise environmental impact. Using renewable resources like pine helps in maintaining ecological balance.


Many pallet manufacturers use certified wood that meets specific environmental standards. Certifications like the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) ensure that the wood is sourced responsibly.


Wooden pallets can often be repaired and reused, extending their lifespan and reducing waste. Recycling pallet wood for other purposes, such as furniture or landscaping, also contributes to sustainability.

Pallet wood construction considerations

Understanding what wooden pallets are made from is essential for selecting the right type of pallet for your needs. Different types of wood offer various benefits, from the lightweight and cost-effective nature of pine to the strength and durability of hardwoods like oak and maple. In Australia, pine is the most commonly used wood for pallets due to its availability and affordability, but other woods are also used based on specific requirements.

Ensure quality and sustainability with Born Again Pallets!

Are you looking for high-quality, sustainably sourced wooden pallets? Born Again Pallets provides a wide range of wooden pallets made from the best materials to suit your needs.

Whether you need durable hardwood pallets for heavy loads or cost-effective softwood pallets for lighter applications, we have the perfect solution. Contact Born Again Pallets today to learn more about our sustainable pallet options and how we can support your business. Make the smart choice with Born Again Pallets and contribute to a greener future!

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